Ruins Of Herculaneum
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The city, equipped with modest walls, was built on a volcanic plateau overlooking the sea and at the foot of Mt. Vesuvius, confined on the east and on the west side by two rivers. The size of the city was quite moderate. It has been hypothesized that the total area enclosed by the walls was about 20 hectares for a population of about 4000 inhabitants;
nowadays only 4.5 hectares are still visible, while some important public buildings, excavated for tunnels in the eighteenth century, are now inaccessible (the Basilica of Nonius Balbus, the so-called Basilica) or are outside the archaeological park (Theatre and the Villa of the Papyri).